Short and long term benefits of exercise

by Adarsh Patel
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“Health is wealth,” the expression we all have heard quite a few times. And a healthy lifestyle comprises a nutritious diet and regular exercise. The exercises may benefit you in the short term as well as in the long run. You have often seen gym addicts posting their ‘feeling good’ IG stories after their workout. All this is because, after any physical training, the body releases mood-regulating hormones like endorphins, dopamine(happy hormone), serotonin, and others. These chemicals lessen the stress and anxiety and eventually results in a feeling of positivity. Let’s take a look at the short and long term benefits of exercise in this article.

Short and long term benefits of exercise

Benefits of physical activity

benefits of physical activity

Bodily exercises always comprise numerous benefits, and some of them are discussed below in detail-

  • Enrich one’s memory as well as the functioning of the neural network. This also applies to the people belonging to different eras of generation.
  • Regular exercise reduces the risk of chronic ailments.
  • Also help in managing weights and strengthen the body.
  • Relief in the problem of hypertension thus improves heart difficulties.
  • Regulate your sleep patterns and refine your way of living.
  • Ameliorate sensations related to stress and pessimism.
  • Resist cancer-associated suffering.
  • Lower the degree of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Retain muscle endurance as well as equilibrium. Regular exercises also develop a healthy lifestyle.

Physical benefits of exercise

physical benefits of exercise

Strengthen Your Bones and Muscles-

When you grow older, bone density lessens – the exercises aid the body and help in the movement. Maintaining the health of bones and muscles is essential to keep the body fit and healthy. Aerobic physical training strengthens muscles and bones. Bodily action with a moderate degree of vigour reduces the chances of osteoporosis in old age people.

Help in managing body weight-

A person who leads a sedentary lifestyle and increases his intake of cal. These extra calories are not used and eventually deposit in the form of fat. A physically active human burns these extra calories and results in weight loss. Also, a decrease in weight results in reducing the risk of ailments like obesity, cardiac issues, and diabetes.

Boosts stamina and endurance-

Daily physical activity boosts one’s stamina and endurance. Consistency in workouts offers fuel to the body in the form of energy. Thus the body doesn’t get tired easily, and you always feel energetic.

Social benefits of exercise

social benefits of exercise

Boost self-esteem-

Besides boosting your physical health, physical activity also aids in enhancing your self-esteem. Exposure to the sports competition and other playful activities in front of others boost confidence.

Develop counterpart reception-

Physical activities like leagues, marathons, and other activities enable you to meet different kinds of people, and their acceptance and reception matter for your growth and development.

Develop compassion

Exercises or any sports activity develop compassion and harmony amongst individuals. Meeting a wide range of individuals from different realms develops such feelings.

Enhance management skills-

The exercises enhance the managerial and leading capacities of an individual in society. Also, the leaders establish governance in the social world to improve the standard of living.

Suppress sense of exclusion-

Such physical activities always develop cordial relations among people.  In this way, these exercises suppress the sense of exclusion.

Mental Benefits of exercise

mental benefits of exercise

Exercises not only refine your physical being but also contribute to your mental well-being. According to several findings of the research, physical activity relieves mental pressure and stress. Mental health gets affected in the following ways-

Fills with positivity – Just after the workout, you begin to feel better due to some of the neurotransmitters like endorphins, dopamine(feel better hormone), and several others. Eventually, you feel relaxed and energetic. A sensation of positivity is what you perceive.

Regulating strain or anxiety – Along with these neurotransmitters, exercise also helps in discharging stress-relieving chemicals. Thus, some of these chemicals relieve pressure and stress.

Improves sleeping patterns- Happiness and mental well-being affect sleeping habits in a good way. Stress-free sleep ensures proper rest and recovery. Moreover, exercises improve the sleeping patterns of a person and reduce symptoms of anxiety and strain.

Also, read our article on Inchworm Exercise Benefits: Guide to your healthy routine life

Long term effects of exercise on mental health

We have already discussed the physical, social, and mental effects of physical workout but exercises also cure some mental hardships, and these are as follows:-

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-

Activity(workout) always enhances motor capacities and administrative roles for kids with ADHD. Moreover, exercises of all intensities lead to better results in disorders related to the heart as well.


Regular exercises fix the mental peace of a human and furnish the person with a belief of optimism. Also, exercises can cure mental problems like stress, anxiety, depression, and irritation.


People who have fear and terror inside their minds tend to hide away from the world, but exposure to physical activities fills them with confidence. Problems like anxiety and panic attacks diminish gradually due to the positive effects of daily exercises.

Effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system

Exercise results shred away extra pounds, reduces visceral fatness, lessens plasma triglycerides, blood sugar level, HDL levels, and also controls hypertension. Once you slash away excess fat, half of the health problems get solved. Physical activity regulates the proper functioning of the heart and improves cardiac health in general.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q. What are the short-term and long-term benefits of exercise?

Ans.    Short and Long-term benefits-

  • Lessens the chances of heart ailments, diabetes mellitus, metabolism-related issues and other serious health issues.Relief in osteoporosis(bone-related problems).Boost the mind and cheer up the mood. Expand one’s shelf life and improve the quality of life. Helps in managing the weight of your body. Rejuvenate your body, mind, and soul.
  • Q. What do short-term effects of exercise mean?

    Ans. There are some short-term effects of exercises, such as the slight rise in temperature, lowering blood sugar levels, the upswing discharge of blood to functioning muscles, increased movement of nerve cells, and soreness in muscles.

    Q. What are the short-term effects of exercise on muscles?

    Ans. The outcomes of a workout on muscles differ with the kind and interval of the exercise. The short-term effects of activities on muscles are a slight surge in temperature due to lactic acid, the muscles get fatigued, and soreness is observed in the muscles. In general, the exercises increase the temperature, and the stiffness of muscles gets reduced. That’s Why the body becomes more flexible.

    Q. What are the five long-term benefits of exercise?

    Ans. Exercises are always beneficial, be it in the short term or the long time. The five long term benefits of exercise are-

  • Regulates body weight and reduces obesity. Provides strength to bones and muscles. Boost stamina and endurance. Relieves stress, anxiety, and depression. Reduces the chances of chronic health issues
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